Film Articles & Info
Paint Articles & Info
Stenciling With Acrylic Paints
Paints Part 1: Stenciling
with acrylic paints
Many people still find it a little confusing when deciding which paint
to use for their stenciling projects. In this article I will explore the
properties of some common and readily available paints that can be used
for a variety of stenciling applications.
All paints have three things in common. Pigments, binders and a solvent.
The amount, quality and quantity of these three components will give a
paint its specific characteristic and determine its suitability for a
Aside from these three ingredients, a variety of additives and fillers
are also present in paint that effect factors such as drying time, curing,
coverage, chip resistance and flexibility.
Keep in mind is that good quality paint will generally contain high amounts
of pigment and a high amount of quality binders. Poor quality paint will
contain less pigment and less binding agents.
When choosing a paint for your project, you don't really need to purchase
the most expensive paint you can find. At the same time try and avoid
the really cheap ones. There is a middle ground that will make your stenciling
experience enjoyable and smooth flowing.
Artist acrylics are your first stop for most of your stenciling projects
when decorating walls or using wall stencils for furniture and even fabrics.
Acrylic paints contain the purest pigments and have higher pigment strength
than regular interior house paints such as latex emulsion paints. There
are many brands of quality artist acrylics on the market.
Acrylic paints are capable of producing brilliant colors, have broad
handling properties and give excellent coverage. You can purchase artist
acrylics in small quantities from your local craft shop or art supply
in a wide gamut of mixable colors.
Acrylic paints are basically a mixture of water, acrylic resins and pigments
just like "Latex paints". The color of the paint is determined
by the pigments it contains. Binders hold the pigments together and adhere
them to the painted surface.. In acrylic paint the binder is acrylic polymer.
When acrylic paint dries it actually forms a plastic film that is both
water and permanent.
The solvent is the part that keeps it fluid and is also what you use
to clean or dilute the paint. in acrylic paints the solvent is water.
The big difference is that artist acrylics contain a much higher amount
of pure pigment and 100% acrylic binders.
Acrylic paints are water soluble when wet, and become water-resistant
When acrylic paint dries it actually forms a plastic film that is impervious
to water and permanent. Dried acrylic paint is also permanent when applied
Another big plus for acrylic paints is the quick drying time. Acrylics
be touch dry in around 15 minutes and this is a great advantage when moving
through a complex mural.
Many acrylics such as liquitex come in different viscosities such as
light body , medium body and heavy body.
In plain language this means the paint is formulated to be anything from
creamy to soft and buttery. What this means to you is the paint will cling
to your brush or sponge and be less likely to seep in behind your stencils.
If you are planning on using an airbrush to apply paint through a stencil,
you can use thin body or heavy body paints diluted with a little water.
Many brands of Artist acrylics also stock a range of specialty colors
and effects such as iridescent and fluorescent and metallic colors such
as gold and silver.
Up Acrylic Paints
Wet brushes and sponges can be cleaned with soap & water. Do not
let the paint dry on your brushes or seep into the ferrule ( the metal
sleeve that holds the bristles).
If You have brushes where the paint has dried, you can remove the dried
paint carefully with denatured alcohol, acetone or a similar product.
Some of these cleaning products are flammable and toxic so take appropriate
care when using these products. To remove wet paint from your wall or
surface use a damp rag or cloth moistened with water.
of artist acrylics
Water soluble when wet
Dries quickly to a water-resistant surface
Suitable for indoor and outside applications
Good adhesion to most painting surfaces such as wood, canvas, walls surfaces
and cotton fabrics
Air-dry by evaporation
No toxic solvents or cleaners necessary
Available in small quantities
Wide range of intense colors
No fumes or odor
Surface of a dry acrylic painting can be cleaned by gently washing with
soap and water
Can be used with an airbrush
Brands of Artist Acrylics
Liquitex, Golden, Chroma, Atelier, Holbien, M Graham, Old Holland, Wyland,
Winsor and Newton, Da Vinci
Nova, Chroma, Matisse, Joe Sonjay
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